Dr. Dieter Reinhardt

Kontakt: dieter.reinhardt@ymail.com


Focal Points, Actual Research, Recent Publications, Lectures, CV        


Focal Points of Research and Teaching

  • UN missions in violent conflicts and humanitarian assistance

  • International relations and security policies

  • New forms of regionalisation in South Asia and sino-indian relation

  • Water conflicts, desaster prevention and development policy in South Asia

  • Foreign policy of the Federal Republic of Germany after 1949  


Actual Research

"The function of regional economic cooperation and multilevel diplomacy for conflict transformation in the border areas of North East India, South West China, Bangladesh and Myanmar" (Sponsered by German Foundation for Peace Research)
(Together with Prof. Dr. Senz, Institute for Chinese Studies, University Heidelberg)


In the last decade, Asia has faced a new dynamic in establishing regional cooperation. This process of regionalization encompasses political, economic and cultural initiatives, and the so-called “Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar process” (BCIM) is one such example. But the region is dominated by three conflict formations which are interlinked across the borders: ethno-political contentions, resource conflicts and border disputes. At the same time, Sino-Indian relations have consistently improved in the last ten years ‒at least on the diplomatic and rhetorical level. Furthermore, in 2013 India and China agreed to establish a joint “Economic Corridor,” which eventually included also Bangladesh and Myanmar (BCIM EC). The objectives of the BCIM EC-project are the expansion of regional trade (i.e. by opening up new border posts), the accelerated exploitation of the resource-rich region, and the establishment of industrial growth zones and the promotion of cultural exchanges. What is more, there are plans to reconstruct the regional transportation infrastructure between Kolkata (the capital of Westbengal/India) and Kunming (the capital of Yunnan province/China), which has been blocked for decades. Additionally Kolkata and Kunming have agreed to become sister cities in 2013. It remains an open question, how far the joint declarations can be successfully implemented given the complexity of the existing tensions. Moreover, if policies are only selectively or partly implemented, current conflicts in the border region of Northeast India, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Southwest China might aggravate.

The project first will analyze how actors hailing from India and China’s central and local governments (Track 1), the business community (Track 2) and civil society (Track 3) assess the current conflicts and what type of resolution – if any – they favor. Second, a case study of two important border posts ‒between Northeast India and Myanmar, and Myanmar and Southwest China, respectively‒ will be conducted with regard to the development of cross border trade and the effects of these changes in terms of an intensification or reduction of local tensions and an increase or decrease of transcultural interrelations.

The project reviews the hypothesis of the multi-level diplomacy concept Building Peace Across Borders from Alexander Ramsbotham and William Zartman, according to which successful peace initiatives in regional conflict systems are able to overcome national blockades through a cooperation of local, cross-border, non-governmental and regional, multilateral initiatives. Particular importance in this regard is ascribed to Track 2 and Track 3 actors, who are capable to use cross-border trade as a starting point for a regional “peace economy”. 

Among the expected results of the pilot study are:
a) an assessment on how far conflict resolution policies are regarded significant by the actors involved in the BCIM EC project;

b) an analysis of the peace-promoting quality of two border post-regimes;

c) the formulation of approaches to defuse tensions by "peace economy"-initiatives and

transcultural references.

The originality of the research project lies firstly in the analyses of current prospects of the BCIM EC project through two case studies, and secondly in the combination of perspectives of the traditionally separated regional research areas of South and East Asian Studies.


Recent Publications 

  • Together with Anja Senz (eds.) (2014): Task Force: Connecting India, China and Southeast Asia – New Socio-Economic Developments, Duisburg Working Papers on East Asian Studies, No. 97, 2014, Duisburg, under

  • Reinhardt, Dieter, 2012: Weltregieren im Problemfeld Humanitäre Hilfe, UN-Koordination in komple­xen Notstandsgebieten seit Ende des Ost-West-Konflikts: Funktionsweise und Reformbedarf (PhD Disser­tation), Universität Duisburg-Essen, Duisburg [Title in English: Global Governance in the field of humanitarian assistance, UN coordination in complex emergencies since the end of the Cold War: Modes of operation and Need for Reform], under

  • Together with Anja Senz (eds.) (2010): Green Governance – One Solution for Two Problems? Climate Change and Economic Shocks: Risk Perceptions and Coping Strategies in China, India and Bangladesh, in: Green Series (Duisburg Working Papers on East Asian Studies), Studies, 86 (2010), Duisburg, 2010, 88 pages, under

    Reinhardt, Dieter (Ed. And co-author (1997): Die Katastrophe, die Not und das Geschäft, Das Beispiel Bangladesch . München: C. H. Beck Verlag, 194 pp. [Title in English: Desaster, suffering and business; the example Bangladesh]


  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2019): A global common good : Improving financing for UN humanitarian aid, New York: Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung, Global Policy and Development, June 2019, under http://library.fes.de/pdf-files/bueros/usa/15539.pdf
    or under https://reliefweb.int/report/world/global-common-good-improving-financing-un-humanitarian-aid

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2019): Role of consulting firms in energy sector/Bangladesh, in: New Age, 14. and 15. March 2019, in two under www.newagebd.net/credit/Dieter_Reinhardt 

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2018). Review of the book: 'Ali Riaz, Lived Islam & Islamism in Bangladesh', Dhaka, Prothoma Prokashan, 2017, in: ASIEN, Nr. 149 (Oktober 2018), S. 138–139

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2018): Hilfsprojekte als Ware, Rezension des Buches: 'Monika Krause, Das gute Projekt. Humanitäre Hilfsorganisationen und die Fragmentierung der Vernunft', Hamburger Edition, Hamburg 2017. 268 Seiten, in: Blätter iz3w, September/Oktober 2018, S. 368 [Title in English: Humanitarian projects as a good, Review of the book: 'Monika Krause, The good project, humanitarian organisations and the fragmentation of rationality', Hamburger Edition, 2017, 268 pages]
  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2017): Debatte um Pflichtbeiträge, in: Welt-Sichten, Maganzin für Globale Entwicklung und Ökumenische Zusammenarbeit, 18.8.2017, abrufbar unter
    [Title in English: Debate about assessed contributions]

  • Dieter Reinhardt (2017). Gewaltkonflikte und illegaler Handel. Die fragile Grenzregion zwischen Indien und Myanmar. In: SÜDASIEN, 37. Jg., Heft 4-2017, S. 46-48 [Title in English: Violent conflicts and illegal trade: fragile border regions between India and Myanmar]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2017): Humanitäre Hilfe: Pflichtbeiträge für die Vereinten Nationen, in: Welt-Sichten, Magazin für Globale Entwicklung und Ökumenische Zusammenarbeit, Interview, Heft 8. August 2017, S. 6, vgl. dazu
    [Title in English: Humanitarian Assistance, Assessed contributions for the UN?]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2017): Pflichtbeiträge oder Freiwilligkeit, in: Vereinte Nationen, 2017, Nr. 3, S. 116-121 [Title in English: Voluntary and mandatory contributions?]
  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2015): Sammelrezension, Sino-Indische Beziehungen, Gefangen im Sicherheitsdi- lemma?, in: ASIEN/The German Journal of Contemporary Asia, No. 136 (Juli 2015), S. 132-134  [Title in English: Omnibus reviews; Sino-indian relations, trapped in the security dilemma?]
  • Together with Anja Senz (2014): Closer Cooperation in the Bangladesh-China-India-Myanmar (BCIM) Region – A New Success Story of Asian Regionalism?, in: Senz, Anja/Dieter Reinhardt (eds.) 2014: Task Force: Connecting India, China and Southeast Asia – New Socio-Economic Develop­ments (see above), p. 9-14

  • Together with Anja Senz (2014): Sino-indische Beziehungen: Perspektiven für die Grenzregion, in: WeltTrends, Heft 99/2014, S.96-103 [Title in English: Sino-indian relations, perspectives for the border region]

  • Together with Denis Dijkzeul (2013): Das internationale humanitäre System und seine Akteure, in: Lieser, Jürgen/Dennis Dijkzeul (Hg.) (2013): Handbuch Humanitäre Hilfe: Theorie und Praxis des Hel­fens in Gewaltkonflikten und Naturkatastrophen, Springer-Verlag, ISBN: 3642322891, Berlin, Chapter 5 [Title in English: Political Economy of UN-Peacekeeping Missions]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2012): ‚ Politische Ökonomie’ von UN-Friedensmissionen, in: Vereinte Nationen, Heft 3, 2012, Berlin, p. 87-88 [Title in English: Political Economy of UN-Peacekeeping Missions]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2011): Strukturprobleme der internationalen humanitären Hilfe: Labile UN-Strukturen, schwaches Finanzierungssystem, geostrategische Interessen, in: Vereinte Nationen, Heft 2, 2011, Berlin, 2011, p. 51-56 [Title in English: Structural problems of international humanitarian assistance: fragile UN structures, weak financing system, geostrategic interests]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2011): Internationale humanitäre Hilfe zum Überleben - zwischen völkerrechtlicher Verpflichtung, nationalstaatlichen Interessen und Spendenmarkt, in: Internationale Politik und Gesell­schaft (IPG), Nr. 4. 2011, p. 151-161 [Title in English: International humanitarian assistance to survive – between legal obligation, national interests and private funding markets]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter/Anja Senz (2010): Conclusions: Risks, the Green New Deal, and Green Governance – Les­sons from South and East Asia, in: Senz, Anja/Dieter Reinhardt (eds.), see above, p. 73-84

  • Dieter Reinhardt / Özlem Ipiv (2010): Sustainable Green Investments and Policies in Bangladesh: Two problems - One Solution? in: Senz, Anja / Dieter Reinhardt (eds.), see above, p. 64-72

  • Reinhardt, Dieter/Anja Senz (2010): Introduction: Crisis Perception and Green Governance in Comparative Perspective: Questions, Concerns and Format of the Publication, in: Senz, Anja / Dieter Reinhardt (eds.), see above, p. 9-12

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2009): Klimawandel, Armut und politische Instabilität – Unterschiedliche Wahrneh­mung von Krisenpotentialen in Bangladesch, China und Indien, in: FriEnt Impulse 12/2009 (Hg.: Arbeits­gemeinschaft Entwicklungspolitische Friedensarbeit/Gruppe FriEnt), p. 6-7 [Title in English: Climate Change, poverty and political instability]

  • Debiel, Tobias/Lambach, Daniel/Reinhardt, Dieter (2007): 'Stay Engaged' statt 'Let Them Fail'. Ein Litera­turbericht über entwicklungspolitische Debatten in Zeiten fragiler Staatlichkeit, INEF-Report 90. Duis­burg: Institut für Entwicklung und Frieden, 71 Seiten [Title in English: ‘ 'Stay Engaged' versus 'Let Them Fail'. A review of the literature on development policy debates in times of fragile statehood]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter/Claudia Rolf (2006): Humanitarian Assistance and Forgotten Crises; UN World Summit and New Financial Mechanisms, INEF Policy Brief 01, Institut für Entwicklung und Frieden, 14 Seiten

  • Reinhardt, Dieter / Ludermann, Bernd (2006): Humanitäre Katastrophen und das System der humanitären Hilfe im Wandel , in: Debiel, Tobias / Messner, Dirk / Nuscheler, Franz (Hrsg.), Globale Trends 2007. Frie­den, Entwicklung, Umwelt. Frankfurt/M.: Fischer Taschenbuch Verlag, p. 247-265 [Title in English: Huma­nitarian crises and the changing system of humanitarian aid]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2005): Nation-Building oder Protektorate? Neue Kriege, Staatszerfall und Interventio­nen in Afghanistan, Irak und in der Region der Großen Seen , in: Budzinsksi, Manfred (Hg.): Flüchtlinge im 21. Jahrhundert, Veränderte Fluchtursachen, militärische Interventionen und neue Schutzkonzepte. Bad Boll, p. 33- 44 [Title in English: Nation-Building or Protectorates? New Wars, Failing States and Inter­ventions in Afghanistan, Iraq and in the Great Lakes region.]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter/Debiel, Tobias (2004): Staatsverfall und Weltordnungspolitik: analytische Zugänge und politische Strategien zu Beginn des 21. Jahrhunderts, in: Nord-Süd aktuell 03/2004, p. 525-538 [Title in English: State failure and Global Governance ]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2004): Sammelrezension Robert I. Rotberg (Hg.) 2003: State Failure and State Weak­ness in a Time of Terror,Washington D.C.; Werner Ruf (Hg.) 2003: Politische Ökonomie der Gewalt. Staatszerfall und die Privatisierung von Gewalt und Krieg. Opladen, in: E + Z Zeitschrift für Entwicklung und Zusammenarbeit Nr. 7/2004, p. 306 [Book Review: Robert I. Rotberg (ed.) 2003: State Failure and State Weakness in a Time of Terror; Werner Ruf (ed.) 2003: Political economy of violence, state failure and privatisation of violence and war]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2004): Staatszerfall, Neue Kriege und Bedrohungspotenziale , in: Internationale Politik und Gesellschaft, Nr.3 2004, p. 164-176, [Title in English: Review Essay on failing states, new wars and po­tential threats]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2004): Wiederaufbau oder Bürgerkrieg im Irak?, in: Weller, Christoph / Ratsch, Ulrich/Mutz, Reinhard / Schoch, Bruno / Hauswedell, Corinna (Hrsg.): Friedensgutachten 2004. Münster, LIT-Verlag, p. 70-78 [Title in English: Reconstruction or civil war in Iraq?]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2003): Multidimensionale ‚Militärverwaltung’ der USA im Irak, Humanitäre Probleme aus der Sicht des Pentagons und der CIA, in: epd-Entwicklungspolitik Mai 2003, p. 34-38 [Title in English: Multidimensional ‘military administration’ of the US in Iraq, Humanitarian challenges from the perspect­ive of the Pentagon and the CIA]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2003): Private Sicherheitsdienste schützen Nothelfer, Privatisierung der Sicherheit , in: epd-Entwicklungspolitik September 2003, p. 37-40 [Title in English: Private security services protect hu­manitarian aid workers, privatization of security]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2003): Rezension von „Alisons des Forges 2002: Kein Zeuge darf überleben, Der Geno­zid in Ruanda", in: Die Friedens-Warte (Journal of International Peace and Organization), Heft 1–2003, p. 77-83 [Title in English: Book Review: Alisons des Forges 2002: No witness should survive, the genocide in Ruanda]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2002): Kinder auf der Flucht und im Krieg, Anmerkungen zum Stand der Debatte , in: Holm, Karin/Scholz, Uwe (Hg.), Kindheit in Armut weltweit, ISBN 3-8100-3311- 1. Opladen: Leske + Budrich, S. 279-286 [Title in English: Children as refugees, remarks about actual debates]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2002): Humanitäre NGOs: Dritte Säule der transnationalen Zivilgesellschaft oder außenpolitisches Instrument der Regierungen ? , in: Frantz, C./Zimmer, A., (Hg.): Zivilgesellschaft international, Opladen: Verlag Leske + Budrich, 2002, S. 361-393 [Title in English: Humanitarian NGOs: Third pillar of transnational civil society or foreign policy instrument of governments?]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2001): Rezension von V. Matthies: Krisenprävention, Vorbeugen ist besser als Heilen, in: Die Friedens-Warte, Bd. 76, Heft 2-3, 2001, S. 320-322 [Title in English: Book review: V. Matthies 2001: Crisis prevention, prevention is better than cure]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter/ Fischer, Martina (2001): Mazedonien und die Lehren aus dem Krieg um Kosovo , in: Frankfurter Rundschau, Dokumentation, 31.7.2001, S. 7 [Title in English: Macedonia and the lessons lear­ned from the Kosovo war]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2001): Bilaterale zivile Konfliktbearbeitung von Staaten in Westeuropa , in: Österreichi­sches Studienzentrum für Frieden und Konfliktlösung/ Stadtschlainigen (Hg.) , Zivile Konfliktbearbeitung, Eine internationale Herausforderung, Münster 2001, S. 281-302 [Title in English: Bilateral civil conflict re­solution by Western European governments]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2001): Neue Strukturen der zivilen Krisenprävention und -bearbeitung in der EU, Entscheidungen, Interessen und politische Rhetorik, Vortrag auf der Tagung der Ev. Akademie Bad Boll, 30.3.- 1.4.2001, in: Protokolle der Ev. Akademie Bad Boll Herbst 2001, S. 45-70 [Title in English: New struc­tures of civil conflict prevention and management in the EU. Decisions, interests and political rhetoric]

  • Reinhardt, Dieter (2001): Sammelrezension: Humanitäre Hilfe der EU in Krisengebieten, in: Zeitschrift für Humanitäres Völkerrecht, April 2001, S. 65-66 [Title in English: Book review essay: Humanitarian assistan­ce of the EU in regions of crisis]


Lectures since 2013

  • June 2019: 'Socio-economic impacts and perceptions of Chinese foreign direct ininvestments in the energy
    sector in Bangladesh
    '; conference 'The 7th China - South and Southeast Asian Think Tank Forum', 13-16 June 2019, organized by Yunnan Academy of Social Sciences/Kunming (Yunnan, China) Academy of South and Southeast Asian Studies/Kunming (Yunnan /China)

  • November 2018: 'Impact of Off-grid solar renewable Systems to achieve sustainable energy for all; the example of the world largest 'Solar Home System'-program in Bangladesh'; conference 'Recent trends in business management and sustainable development' (22nd - 24th Nov. 2018) organized by Manipur Institute of Management Studies (MIMS)/Manipur University, North Eastern Management Association (NEMA)/Manipur.

  • March 2018: 'Financing Humanitarian Aid: From Voluntary Contributions towards a More Reliable Funding Mechanism'; workshop organized by Friedrich-Ebert-Stiftung (FES) New York Office

  • 2015: 'Future Impact of Climate Change on Brahmaputra River System: International Law and Transboundary River Systems', conference, University of Assam (Silchar): “Climate Change, Development, Social Transition and Social Policy in North-East India”

  • 2015: 'UN Watercourse Convention and Politics, The example of Brahmaputra', conference, Indira Gandhi National Tribal University (Campus Manipur): “International Conference on Climate Change and Indigenous People in Northeast India”

  • 2013: Paper „Transboundary river basins as regional commons and hydroelectric dam constructions in the Greater Eastern Himala­yan-Region (Southwest Chinese provinces/North-Myanmar/Northeast India/Bangla­desh)”, „3rd International Conference on International Relations and Develop­ment (ICIRD 2013)”, Chulalongkorn Uni­versity/Bangkok; under

  • 2013: Paper „Cross-Boundary Water Resource Management in a Non Cooperative Context: The Case of Eastern Himalaya“ auf dem Panel „Who Wants to be Part of Integrated Water Ressource Management (IWRM)?, The Politics of Scale in Basins and Catchments”, conference, „European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR)” (Bordeaux); under

  • 2013: Paper „Modes of Politicization and De-Politicization of Humanitarian Aid, An Assessment of the UN Humanitarian Structures“, Panel: „The Politicization of Humanitari­an Aid?”, „European Consortium for Political Research (ECPR)“ (Bordeaux); under



Employment History

  • Since 2019: Associated Member, South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University
  • Since Summer Term 2018: Senior Lecturer, South Asia Institute, Heidelberg University
  • Since Winter Term 2013: Senior Lecturer, Faculty of Society and Economics/Rhine-Waal University of Applied Sciences/Germany,  see https://www.hochschule-rhein-waal.de/en/page/dr-rer-pol-dieter-reinhardt-0
  • 2003 – 2012: Assistant Professor, Institute of Political Science/University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE) (Germany); Research Fellow/Associate Fellow, Institute for Development and Peace (INEF)/University of Duisburg-Essen (Germany)

  • 2000 – 2003 Lecturer, Faculty for Social Sciences, University of Osnabrück (Germany)

  • Before 2000: Exceutive Director of ‘German Red Cross’ refugee camps; Public Relations Officer and Fundraiser, ‘Terre Des Hommes’ (children rights NGO);

Professional Qualifications

  • December, 2012: Award of PhD in Political Science at the Institute for Political Science, University of Duisburg-Essen (UDE) (Germany); title of the PhD thesis: ‘Global Gov­ernance in the field of humanitarian assistance, UN coordination in complex emergencies since the end of the Cold War: Modes of operation and Need for Reform'.


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